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新华社360度全媒体称赞株所黑科技!

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日前,新华社特稿介绍了“中国动力谷”株洲。特稿不仅有中文版,还有英文版。利用图、文、视频360度称赞了株所黑科技,让我们赶紧一起来看看新华社是怎么说的吧!



话不多说,先上一段视频!

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 中 文 版 


新华社北京6月3日电 在全球一万多个城市中,处于中国三四线位置的湖南省株洲市,只能算是“小城”。高铁、磁悬浮、超级电容、IGBT芯片……被称为“中国动力谷”的株洲,却频频推出世界级创新成果。


“苔花如米小,也学牡丹开。”——株洲,凭着自力更生的创新精神、互动全球的创新视野、反哺共享的创新胸怀,崛起于世界产业创新竞技的大舞台,奋力求索中国创新的时代之路。


自力更生,手握大国重器


嗖!子弹头列车在京沪线上一闪而过。2017年9月,“复兴号”动车组以时速350公里投入运营。在这一新型高铁中,从“心脏”到“大脑”,大量原创核心系统和零部件都源于株洲。



密集的线圈,整齐的绝缘包装……在中车株洲电机公司生产线,记者见到了“复兴号”的牵引电机和牵引变压器。这套动力组合,曾推动“复兴号”样车跑出时速420公里的“世界纪录”。


“早年造高铁,国外拒绝转让传动和控制等核心技术,让我很痛心。”中国工程院院士、中车株洲电力机车研究所(“中车株洲所”)董事长丁荣军说。曾经的“技不如人”,激发了自主攻关的决心。


新型高铁在国际上没有标准,包括株洲科研力量在内的中国科研院所对“复兴号”84%的技术标准进行了创新,产生了逾千项发明专利,构成了扎实的技术体系。丁荣军说:“如今中国已完全掌握高铁九大核心技术。”

卓越创新,离不开积淀和传承。1936年,粤汉铁路旁的小镇株洲建厂修理蒸汽机车。新中国成立,株洲肩负振兴工业使命,自力更生的创新基因从此扎根。


“当时,连总工都不熟悉电力机车,我们是在一张白纸上开始干,”年届八旬的中国工程院院士刘友梅说,“由于国外封锁,每一个发展阶段都很难,流了很多泪,但始终没有忘记自力更生。”


磁悬浮也是全球轨道交通竞技新热点。在引进费用太高的情况下,中车株洲电力机车有限公司(“中车株机”)开始自主研发。没日没夜补知识,顶风冒雨做试验。2016年,中国首列拥有完全自主知识产权的磁悬浮列车成功运营。


“中国磁悬浮不简单,说干就干,跑得稳,舒适度高。”美国工程院院士蒙哥马利不吝赞美之词。


除了核心技术,基础材料和工艺也是中国制造短板。而株洲凭借持之以恒的创新,玩转了被称为“工业牙齿”的硬质合金。相关产品在航空制造领域大量运用,并随神舟飞船进入太空。


没有自主创新,就掌握不了大国重器!自力更生、驰而不息的创新精神,更深深融入株洲人的血脉。数十年来,一代又一代科研人员扎根株洲,一项又一项创新成果在这里诞生、走向世界,推动中国轨道交通技术实现从“跟跑”“并跑”到“领跑”的历史转变。

开放学习,眼望全球竞合


穿上防尘服、戴上防静电手套,走进装备世界一流智能生产装置、空气净化系统、湿温度控制系统的IGBT芯片极净车间,现代科技“冲击波”扑面而来。



8英寸的圆薄片上,排列着128个芯片,每个为指甲大小、两根头发丝厚。它能在1秒钟完成一百万次开关动作,实现电流快速转化。


如果没有对接全球,株洲很难出现这一被称为现代变流工业“皇冠上明珠”的重大技术创新。创新,当放眼全球。



2008年金融危机席卷全球,株洲敏锐地与海外开展资本合作。中车株洲所参股英国丹尼克斯半导体公司,实现中国轨道交通领域首次海外并购。


引进、消化、吸收、再创新的链条式反应被触发。中车株洲所一举掌握芯片完整技术链,2014年建成国内首条8英寸IGBT生产线,大功率半导体从此有了“中国芯”。


习近平总书记指出:“自主创新是开放环境下的创新,绝不能关起门来搞,而是要聚四海之气、借八方之力。”


深居内陆的株洲,正是在自力更生的基础上,积极融入世界创新网络,借势改革开放大潮有针对性地学习世界先进经验,集成世界创新资源,互动世界技术灵感。


上世纪80年代,株洲硬质合金集团购买了瑞典山特维克集团一条完整生产线,缩短了二十年研发时间,迅速缩小与西方的技术差距。如今,凭借成功的“再创新”,其产品在与海外巨头的竞争中屡屡胜出。


自主创新和开放集成相辅相成。“十二五”期间中车株洲所相继实施海外并购和跟进创新,快速掌握了深海机器人、轨道减震、汽车减震等一系列核心技术。


“创新从不是闭门造车,与国外的技术交流、学习非常必要。在引进、学习的同时,还要有自己的革新,这是辩证统一的。”刘友梅说。


反哺共享,心怀世界福祉



马来西亚,世界最高速米轨动车仿佛在平衡木上“跳舞”。土耳其,极小转弯半径的轻轨蜿蜒于爱琴海边。南非,“耐热型”双流制机车牵引着一抹抹“中国红”,跃动在广袤原野……


“中国动车的使用是载入史册的一刻。看看我们铁路上跑着的老火车,再跟新动车比一比,一切都摆在那。”马其顿前总理格鲁埃夫斯基高度评价该国进口的“株洲造”动车。


“即使在印度极端高温的夏季也运行良好,堪称全印度表现最好的地铁快线。”采购株洲地铁的印度业主贾德亚由衷点赞。


如今,源于株洲创新的中国制造已出口到世界170多个国家和地区。再加上目标市场本地化制造、采购、用工、服务和营销的“五本”理念运用,中国创新正不断反哺世界,增益全球产业生态和各国民众福祉,以共商共建共享的智慧和胸怀,不断为构建人类命运共同体添砖加瓦。


“不同于一些发达国家,中国愿意开放技术转让,帮助别国发展。”中车株机巴基斯坦籍员工舒艾卜说,他与德国、澳大利亚等外籍员工曾一起到株洲学习轨道交通技术。


他看到的株洲,已崛起为国家创新城市、全球首个产值超千亿的轨道交通基地,拥有世界轨道交通装备“梦之队”。承载两百多个中国工业史“第一”的荣光,对标美国硅谷,株洲正全力打造“中国动力谷”,不断提升动力产业在全球价值链上的位置。


“株洲将不忘初心,抓住比较优势、巩固比较优势、发挥比较优势,向世界产业创新城市的潮头而立。”株洲市委书记毛腾飞说。



什么?看不过瘾?海外员工有需求?

别担心,咱还有英文版呢!


 英 文 版 


Xinhua Headlines: China's Zhuzhou -- from cradle of Chinese locomotives to world-class rail innovation hub

BEIJING, June 4 (Xinhua) -- It was freezing cold in early spring in Astana, Kazakhstan, where the temperature had plummeted to minus 20 degrees Celsius.


In a shabby workshop, Long Guzong and his co-workers were working away in heavy clothing that made their movements astronaut-like.


After months of tests and adjustments, the technicians from CRRC Zhuzhou Electric Co., Ltd., based in China's central city of Zhuzhou finally solved a technical problem vital to the train's safe operation in extreme coldness.


"The biting coldness was impressive; we solved the safety problem that had frustrated many experts at the time," Long told Xinhua recently, 11 years after that assignment.


Dedicated to making people's lives easier and better, Long and his co-workers are among tens of thousands of Chinese innovators who are contributing to the country's innovation-driven development.


China's coastal cities can be considered the country's "locomotives" in its development, among them the city of Shenzhen. However, over the past 40 years of reform and opening-up, the middle and western parts of the country have been gradually catching up with the eastern area. The city of Zhuzhou that produced China's first locomotive is a classic example.


Citizens take a smart bus during the test run in Zhuzhou, central China's Hunan Province, Oct. 23, 2017. The test run of the ART, Autonomous Rail Rapid Transit, started in Zhuzhou on Monday. The ART is developed by the research arm of CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Co., Ltd., which produces key parts for China's high-speed railway. The bus is about 30 meters long and equipped with sensors that can read the dimensions of roads and plan its own route. 


RAIL INNOVATION HUB



Zhuzhou,a small city in central Hunan province, is turning from a traditional industrial base into a Chinese innovation hub, where high-tech corporations, start-ups and innovators gather.


The metamorphosis started with the rapid development of China's rail transit.


Liu Youmei, 80, who worked in the train manufacturing industry for almost six decades, has witnessed the innovation-driven development with Chinese characteristics in China's rail transit history.


"There was no bus or other public transportation linking Zhuzhou railway station and our factory when I arrived at Zhuzhou 57 years ago. On the first day of our arrival, my classmates and I had to walk to the factory and return with a borrowed tricycle with a flat cart to transport our luggage," he said.


In 1961, Liu and some 20 graduates from Shanghai Jiao Tong University were assigned to work in a locomotive factory in Zhuzhou, which was established to repair locomotives imported from the West, where steam locomotives had been used for a century.


To bridge the 100-year gap, Liu and his co-workers worked night after day, and independently designed Shaoshan series electric locomotives, which was the dawn of electrification in China's railway industry.


The veteran engineer, who has been honored by the Chinese Academy of Engineering for his contributions to railway development, said that China must master core technologies in key fields.


"In 1998, we wanted to introduce the DC traction motor train, but developed countries refused our purchasing request, as well as the introduction of supercapacitors," Liu said.


"At that time, we were forced to do research and development independently, and finally broke technological bottlenecks and manufactured DC traction motors and supercapacitors with full intellectual rights; the latter even beat the U.S. industrial leader," he said.


Nowadays, trains with Chinese "brains" and "nervous systems" run around the world. The advanced electric locomotives, metro trains and maglev trains have made Zhuzhou a landmark of world rail transit.


Moreover, the city's general aviation and automobile industries have made names for themselves and its innovation park is attracting industries like electronic information, new energy, bio-medicine, as well as environmental protection, among others.


People look at a model of the Shenzhou-10 manned spacecraft docked with Tiangong-1 space lab module during an exhibition in Tianjin, north China, Nov. 9, 2013.


EMBRACING THE WORLD


In a globalized world, cross-border technological cooperation and exchange have become an irreversible trend. The small inland city keeps an open mind and is eager to embrace a new world.


"Science and technology are the wealth of all mankind," said Liu."Learning is different from plagiarism and learning from others is necessary."


Even CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Co., Ltd., the industrial leader on the world stage, does not exclude international exchanges. From 2003 to 2004, 75 staff members went to Europe to learn welding, painting, assembling and other technologies.


Fan Yunxin, vice chief engineer of the company, said "We must depend on ourselves, and meanwhile stay open-minded to learn from others' more advanced technology."


In the early years of China's reform and opening-up, Zhuzhou Cemented Carbide Group Co., Ltd. introduced a metal-cutting tool production line, which "helped the company catch up with the industry leaders in the shortest period of time," said Zhang Weibing, director of the group's research and development center.


After years of adapting foreign technologies and independent innovation, the company now boasts several world-leading technologies, and its products have been used in China's Shenzhou spacecrafts, said Xu Shangzhi, chief technology officer with Zhuzhou Cemented Carbide Group.


"All technological introductions are based on a country's existing scientific and technological strength," the academician said. "The introduction of technology only inspires us, we still need our own innovation capability in the long run."


Zhou Qinghe, president of CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Co., Ltd., said "If there is no innovation after technological introduction, we will fall into a vicious cycle, where introduction brings us advanced technology and saves us from long-term research and development, which also leads to heavy reliance on others."


Photo taken on July 27, 2017 shows two Chinese locomotives to be assembled at the Transnet Engineering Koedoespoort Plant in Pretoria, South Africa. 305 of the 554 locally assembled locomotives have been delivered to South Africa since October 2012 when the South Africa state rail company Transnet contracted the Chinese Zhuzhou Electric Locomotives Company under the Chinese locomotive manufacturer CRRC to supply first 95 locomotives. 


ONE WORLD, ONE DREAM



China's high-quality innovative development has helped change people's lives around the world.


In India, Amit Mak is now used to taking the metro train to avoid traffic jams.


"Not only the quality of the rolling stock, but the inside is comfortable. It provides all kinds of comfort as well as convenience and a cool atmosphere," he said.


Dilip Jadeja, vice president of IL&FS Rail Ltd. in India, said "A metro line also brings in development along the metro corridor, with office and business complexes, shopping malls and housing complexes coming up, which in return facilitate people's life."


Working at the assembly workshop in the rolling stock center of Chinese rail transit equipment manufacturer CRRC, Vijayakumar Sundar, 40, occasionally recalls when he was a child and used blocks to build trains.


However, as a child, he never thought of realizing his "train dream" in a Chinese enterprise.


"I participated in a three-month training in China, and accumulated skills and managing experience in my work," said Sundar, who was among the first batch of local employees and was later promoted to the position of a workshop director.


With a "go global" strategy, enterprises based in Zhuzhou successfully entered overseas markets and applied innovative measures, including localization, joint ventures and cultural recognition.


Taking CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Co., Ltd. as an example, its three industrial bases in Malaysia, South Africa and Turkey employ nearly 500 people, among whom 80 percent are locals.


With win-win cooperation, China has not only achieved sustainable growth for itself, but also driven the world economy forward, creating jobs and cultivating talents for other countries.


Different from some countries, China is open to technological transfer to help other countries' development. Muhammad Shoaib from Pakistan, 27, is one of the nine foreign workers in Zhuzhou Locomotive Co., Ltd. who has come to China to learn, along with others from his home country as well as Germany and Australia.


Photo taken on May 15, 2017 shows a new subway train made for Pakistan Lahore Orange Line Project at the CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Co., Ltd. in Zhuzhou, central China's Hunan Province. A train designed for a Pakistani subway rolled off the production line in central China's Hunan Province on Monday, the first of 27. The train with five coaches was designed for the 25.58 km Orange Line Metro in Lahore, Pakistan's second largest city. 


"Pakistan's first metro train railway was constructed by China. I still remember the jubilant crowd on the delivery day, with men and women, the elderly and children taking photos with the train," Shoaib said.


After years of studying and working in China, Shoaib has become a China hand. He said he has fallen in love with a girl in Pakistan, and plans to take her to Zhuzhou after marriage.


嘿!是不是很考验你的英语水平啊


别担心,贴心的小编给您带来“土味”翻译版~~~


{  中国株洲  }

 从中国的机车摇篮到世界级轨交创新中心 


2016年12月26日拍摄的照片展示了中国湖南省长株潭城际铁路长沙站的列车。这条全长95.5公里的城际铁路周一投入运营,最初的运营时速达到每小时160公里。


新华社北京6月4日电哈萨克斯坦阿斯塔纳早春天气寒冷,气温骤降至零下20摄氏度。


在一个简陋的工作室里,龙古宗和他的同事们正在穿着笨重的服装,让他们的运动像宇航员一样。


经过数月的测试和调整,位于中国中部城市株洲的中国株洲株洲电力有限公司的技术人员终于解决了火车在极度寒冷时安全运行至关重要的技术难题。


“当时刺骨的寒冷让人印象深刻;不过我们最终还是解决了令许多专家都很棘手的问题。”任务完成11年后,龙古宗回忆着告诉记者。


让出行更快捷方便,龙古宗和他的同事是千千万万为中国创新驱动发展做出贡献的创造人员之一。


中国的沿海城市被认为是带动国家发展的“火车头”,其中之一就是深圳。然而,经过40多年的改革开放,中西部地区正逐渐追赶东部。中国第一辆电力机车的诞生城市——株洲,就是一个典型的例子。 



2017年10月23日,中国中部湖南省株洲市测试运行期间,公民将乘坐智能巴士。周一,株洲智能巴士试运行在株洲开始。ART是由中国中车株洲研究所研究开发的,该研究所生产中国高速铁路的关键部件。巴士长约30米,并配备了可读取道路尺寸和规划自己路线的传感器。

轨道创新中心


株洲,一个位于湖南省中部的小城,正从传统工业基地转变为中国的创新中心,高科技企业、新型产业和大批创新者在此云集。


转变起始于中国轨道交通的快速发展。


80岁的刘友梅,曾在火车制造业工作了近六十年,在中国轨道交通史上见证了中国特色的创新驱动发展。


“57年前我到株洲的时候,没有巴士或其他公共交通工具连接株洲火车站和我们的工厂,在我们到达的第一天,我和我的同学们不得不步行到工厂,带着一辆借来的三轮车返回一辆运送我们行李的平车,“他说。


1961年,刘和来自上海交通大学的20多名毕业生被分配到株洲一个机车厂工作,该机车厂修建用于修理蒸汽机车已经使用了一个世纪的西方机车。


为了缩短100年的差距,刘和他的同事们日复一日地工作,独立设计韶山系列电力机车,这是中国铁路行业电气化的曙光。


刘友梅,这位资深工程师,由于他对中国铁路的发展做出了巨大贡献,因而受到中国工程院的表彰。他说,中国必须掌握关键领域的核心技术。


“1998年,我们想要引进直流牵引电机,但发达国家拒绝了我们的采购要求,以及引进超级电容器,”刘友梅说。


“当时,我们被迫独立研发,最终打破了技术瓶颈,制造了具有完全知识产权的直流牵引电机和超级电容器;后者甚至击败了美国工业领先者。”他说。


如今,拥有中国“大脑”和“神经系统”的列车遍布世界各地。先进的电力机车,地铁列车和磁悬浮列车使株洲成为世界轨道交通的标志性建筑。


此外,该市的通用航空和汽车行业也为自己命名,其创新园吸引了电子信息,新能源,生物医药以及环境保护等行业。


人们看到2013年11月9日在天津举办的一次展览会上,与天宫一号太空实验舱对接的神舟十号载人飞船模型。

拥抱世界



全球化的浪潮中,跨国技术合作与交流已成为不可逆转的趋势。株洲这个内陆城市始终保持开放的心态,不断拥抱新世界。

“科学技术是全人类的财富,”刘说,“学习不同于剽窃,需要从别人那里学习。”


即使是世界舞台上的行业领袖中国中车株洲机车有限公司也不排除国际交流。从2003年到2004年,75名工作人员前往欧洲学习焊接,喷漆,装配等技术。


公司副总工程师范云新说:“我们必须依靠自己,同时保持开放的态度,向他人学习更先进的技术。”


在中国改革开放初期,株洲硬质合金集团有限公司引进了金属切削刀具生产线,“帮助公司在最短的时间内赶上行业领先者”该集团研发中心主任张卫兵。


株洲硬质合金集团首席技术官许尚志说,经过多年的国外技术改造和自主创新,公司现在拥有多项世界领先的技术,其产品已应用于中国的神舟飞船。


这位院士说:“所有的技术引进都是基于一个国家现有的科技实力。” “技术的引进只会激励我们,从长远来看,我们仍然需要我们自己的创新能力。”


中国中车株洲机车有限公司总裁周清河表示:“如果技术引进后没有创新,就会陷入恶性循环,引进带来先进技术,使我们远离长期研发,这也会导致对他人的严重依赖。“



2017年7月27日拍摄的照片显示,两台中国机车将在南非比勒陀利亚的Transnet Engineering Koedoespoort工厂组装。自2012年10月以来,南非国家铁路公司Transnet与中国机车制造商CRRC旗下的中国株洲电力机车公司签约提供首批95台机车,其中554辆本地组装机车已运抵南非。

一个世界,一个梦想


中国高质量的创新发展帮助改变了世界各地的人们的生活。


在印度,阿米特麦现在习惯乘坐地铁列车,以避免交通拥堵。


“不仅是铁道车辆的质量,而且内部也很舒适,它提供各种舒适性以及方便和凉爽的氛围,”他说。


IL&FS铁路有限公司副总裁Dilip Jadeja在印度表示:“地铁线路还将带动地铁走廊的发展,办公和商业综合体,购物中心和住宅综合体的涌现,从而促进人们的生活。”


在40岁的中国轨道交通设备制造商中国轨道交通设备制造中心的装配车间工作时,Vijayakumar Sundar,偶尔会回忆起他小时候用积木去搭建火车。


但是,小时候,他从未想过在中国企业实现他的“培训梦想”。


“我参加了在中国为期三个月的培训,并在我的工作中积累了技能和管理经验,”Sundar说,他是第一批当地员工之一,后来晋升为车间主任。


随着“走出去”战略,株洲企业成功进入海外市场,实施了本土化,合资,文化认同等创新措施。


以中国中车株洲机车有限公司为例,其马来西亚,南非,土耳其三大工业基地雇用员工近500人,其中80%为本地人。


合作共赢,中国不仅实现了自身的可持续增长,而且推动了世界经济的发展,为其他国家创造就业机会和培养人才。


与一些国家不同,中国愿意进行技术转让以帮助其他国家的发展。来自巴基斯坦的27岁的Muhammad Shoaib是株洲机车有限公司的九名外国工人之一,他来到中国与他的祖国以及德国和澳大利亚的其他人一起来中国学习。



2017年5月15日拍摄的照片展示了为巴基斯坦地铁设计的火车于周一下午在中国中部湖南省的生产线上下线,这是27日的首次。该列车配备五辆客车,专为巴基斯坦第二大城市拉合尔的25.58公里橙线地铁而设计。


“巴基斯坦的第一条地铁列车是由中国建造的,我仍然记得交货当天欢腾的人群,男女老少都在火车上拍照,”舒阿布说。


经过多年在中国的学习和工作,Shoaib已经成为中国的一员。他说他已经爱上了巴基斯坦的一个女孩,并计划在结婚后将她带到株洲。



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